Most Popular Estate Planning Blawgs Expanded View List View

Blogs 1 - 45 of 254
Sorted by Popularity | Sort by Name | Sort by Last Post Date
Today | This Week | This Month | All Time |

Wills, Trusts & Estates Prof…

Wills, Trusts & Estates Prof Blog

By Gerry W. Beyer.

http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/trusts_estates_prof/
  • May 2

    What Are The Causes And Effects Of Alzheimer's Disease?

    What Are The Causes And Effects Of Alzheimer's Disease?
    Alzheimer's Disease is one of the most terrifying afflictions that can strike those approaching retirement age as it strips a person of their personality and leaves them helpless before death. This terrible disorder is though to afflict over…
  • May 2

    Zappa Family Feud A Harbinger For Other Heirs Of Rock Royalty?

    Zappa Family Feud A Harbinger For Other Heirs Of Rock Royalty?
    Frank Zappa was a titan in the music world before his premature death of prostate cancer in 1993. After he died, his music and image rights were placed in a trust that was managed by his widow, and later two...
  • May 2

    Paint A Picture Of The Future When Estate Planning With Client

    Paint A Picture Of The Future When Estate Planning With Client
    When advising younger clients about estate planning it is often difficult to get across the needs and wants that might come about in the future. The health and vigor of youth make it difficult for many to imagine a time...
Rank this Week: 21

Toronto Estate Law Blog

Toronto Estate Law Blog

Covers estate litigation, ethics, executors & trustees, succession planning and wills. Includes podcasts on estate and succession planning. By Hull & Hull.

http://estatelaw.hullandhull.com/
  • Feb 3

    Lord Lucan: Declared Dead (Twice) and Still Missing

    Lord Lucan: Declared Dead (Twice) and Still Missing
    In 1974, Lord Lucan, British aristocrat (think James Bond and Martinis, according to the New York Times), vanished after the body of his children’s nanny was found dead in the basement of his house. A year later, in 1975, Lord Lucan,…
  • Feb 2

    Alzheimer Awareness Month: #StillHere

    Alzheimer Awareness Month: #StillHere
    As Alzheimer Awareness Month draws to a close, the message the Alzheimer Society of Canada intended to convey in the #StillHere campaign is clear: A diagnosis of dementia does not necessarily mean that an individual is no longer capable of…
  • Feb 2

    Hull on Estates #452 – Responsibility for Joint Debts Upon Death

    Hull on Estates #452 – Responsibility for Joint Debts Upon Death
    This week on Hull on Estates, David Morgan Smith and Noah Weisberg discuss the responsibility for joint debt upon death of one of the debtors. Should you have any questions, please email us at webmaster@hullandhull.com or leave a comment on…
Rank this Week: 84

NJ Family Issues

NJ Family Issues

Focuses on New Jersey divorce and estate planning. By Paul G. Kostro.

http://www.kostrolaw.com/NJFamilyIssues
Rank this Week: 120

Julie's Wills & Estate Planning…

Julie's Wills & Estate Planning Blog

Covers estate planning and probate. By Julie Garber.

http://wills.about.com/
  • May 31

    Julie's Wills & Estate Planning Blog Becomes Common Sense Estate Planning Blog

    Julie's Wills & Estate Planning Blog Becomes Common Sense Estate Planning Blog
    Listen up Wills & Estate Planning Blog readers - my blog has moved to a new location with a new name: Common Sense Estate Planning Blog. My About.com blogs aren't going away, they're just being transitioned into articles that will still…
  • May 27

    Why Does it Take So Long to Receive Your Inheritance?

    Why Does it Take So Long to Receive Your Inheritance?
    For certain beneficiaries of an estate or trust (you know who you are), the first question they want answered is when they can expect to receive their inheritance - cash is preferred, but a check will do just fine, thank you. What these…
  • May 21

    Does Your Child Need a Discretionary Lifetime Trust?

    Does Your Child Need a Discretionary Lifetime Trust?
    One of my roles as a former estate planning attorney and current trust officer for a private bank is to insure that my clients' estate plans meet their ever-changing estate planning goals. One question that private bank clients bring up on a…
Rank this Week: 130

Rule of Law

Rule of Law

Covers British Columbia wills, trusts and estates law, elder law and estate litigation. By Stan Rule.

http://rulelaw.blogspot.com/
  • Apr 17

    Prince Edward County District Court-House and Gaol, Picton, Ontario

    Prince Edward County District Court-House and Gaol, Picton, Ontario
    I took these photographs last fall while visiting Prince Edward County in Ontario. The courthouse was the site of Sir John A. Macdonald's first trial, apparently defending himself on an assault charge. Here is a photograph of Sir John A. and…
  • Apr 9

    Kish v. Sobchak Estate: Application of Family Law to Wills Variation Case

    Kish v. Sobchak Estate: Application of Family Law to Wills Variation Case
    Wills variation cases in British Columbia and family law are related. The Family Law Act deals with division of property and support on the breakdown of marriages and common law relationships, while Part 4, Division 6 of the Wills, Estates…
  • Apr 3

    Kish v. Sobchak Estate: Standard of Appellate Review of Findings of Fact in Wills Variation Summary Trial

    Kish v. Sobchak Estate: Standard of Appellate Review of Findings of Fact in Wills Variation Summary Trial
    In the recent decision in Kish v. Sobchak Estate, 2016 BCCA 65, a five-judge panel of the British Columbia Court of Appeal considered how much deference the Court of Appeal is required to give a Supreme Court Judge’s finding of facts in…
Rank this Week: 175

KEYTLaw

KEYTLaw

Covers Arizona and federal laws.

http://www.keytlaw.com/blog
  • Apr 12

    Federal Law Prohibits Conspiracy to to Prevent a Person from Exercising Right

    Federal Law Prohibits Conspiracy to to Prevent a Person from Exercising Right
    We live in a era when more and more people want to prevent Americans from exercising their right of free speech, their right to exercise their religion and other constitutional rights.  Federal law, i.e., 18 United States Code Section…
  • Jan 27

    When Your Neighbor’s Drone Pays an Unwelcome Visit

    When Your Neighbor’s Drone Pays an Unwelcome Visit
    New York Times:  “I began reporting a column about drones and the altercations they are causing among neighbors. The way these spats usually go, one neighbor gets a new drone (often around Christmas) and begins flying it around the…
  • Jan 3

    Myth of a Cop Killing Epidemic

    Myth of a Cop Killing Epidemic
    New York Post:  “And each incident is breathlessly reported by a media determined to show that America remains deeply, irredeemably racist.  Problem is, it’s simply not true.  Last week, The Washington Post…
Rank this Week: 187

Pet Trust Law Blog

Pet Trust Law Blog

Provides information for pet owners on legal topics concerning their well being and future, such as pet euthanasia and medical care, pet sitting, pet caretakers, and pet trusts. By Danny E. Meek, Esq.

http://www.pettrustlawblog.com/
  • May 29

    Thanks for Great Article by Attorney Tami Kamin Meyer

    Thanks for Great Article by Attorney Tami Kamin Meyer
     Recently, Tami Kamin Meyer, an Ohio attorney, writer and regular freelance contributor to many legal blogs and periodicals, was kind enough to contact me to discuss some thoughts on various pet trust issues. As a result of our…
  • May 28

    Thanks for Great Article by Attorney Tami Kamin Meyerr

    Thanks for Great Article by Attorney Tami Kamin Meyerr
     Recently, Tami Kamin Meyer, an Ohio attorney, writer and regular freelance contributor to many legal blogs and periodicals, was kind enough to contact me to discuss some thoughts on various pet trust issues. As a result of our…
  • Oct 9

    Another Pet Owner Leaves Millions for Her Dog and Other Animal

    Another Pet Owner Leaves Millions for Her Dog and Other Animal
    Muriel Siebert was the first woman to hold a seat on the New York Stock Exchange. She recently died and left a gift in her will of $100,000 to a friend, to care for her Chihuahua. In addition, she devised many millions of dollars for the…
Rank this Week: 257

Iowa Law Blog

Iowa Law Blog

Covers business, employment, trust & estates family, real estate, regulatory compliance and utility law. By Sullivan & Ward, PC.

http://www.iowa-lawblog.com/
  • Apr 14

    The Implementation of Electronic Filing in the Court

    The Implementation of Electronic Filing in the Court
    In this day of technology, it is no surprise that the court systems are moving to using an Electronic Document Management System (EDMS for short) for parties to file documents with the Court, without even setting foot in the Courthouse. The…
  • Apr 14

    Service by Facebook?

    Service by Facebook?
    A New York judge recently entered an Order allowing a woman to serve her husband divorce papers via Facebook.  In Iowa, generally, a competent adult must accept service or be served in-person in order accomplish proper…
  • Mar 19

    Interactive Process in Action

    Interactive Process in Action
    If you’re not sure what the interactive process is supposed to look like under the ADA, peruse the facts of the 8th Circuit’s decision in Minnihan v. Mediacom.  I’m also going to summarize the facts below, but if you…
Rank this Week: 362

Florida Probate Litigation

Florida Probate Litigation

Covers corporate trustees, compensation disputes, contested guardianship proceedings, creditors' claims, homestead litigation, will construction litigation, and trust and estates litigation. By Juan C. Antunez.

http://www.flprobatelitigation.com/
  • Apr 29

    Should Florida arbitrators be able to decide “validity” challenges to a will or trust?

    Should Florida arbitrators be able to decide “validity” challenges to a will or trust?
    AAA’s rules for arbitrating wills and trusts specifically authorize arbitrators to decide the validity of the will or trust at issue in a given dispute. Since an arbitrator’s jurisdictional authority in that kind of case is a…
  • Apr 22

    4th DCA: Can a probate judge use his “equitable powers” to override our Probate Code?

    4th DCA: Can a probate judge use his “equitable powers” to override our Probate Code?
    Oreal v. Steven Kwartin, P.A., — So.3d —-, 2016 WL 1239756 (Fla. 4th DCA March 30, 2016) Having your case decided against you because a well-intentioned judge chose not to apply some provision of our Probate Code for…
  • Apr 18

    The Florida Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

    The Florida Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
    A new law is making it easier for Florida personal representatives to access digital data—such as email, photos and social-media postings—after the account holder dies. It’s called the Florida Fiduciary Access to Digital…
Rank this Week: 485

Estate Planning Blog

Estate Planning Blog

Covers asset protection, estate planning, probate and income tax planning. By Sheppard, Brett, Stewart, Hersch, Kinsey & Hill P.A.

http://www.sbshlaw.com/blog
  • Apr 29

    Revocable Trusts and FDIC Insurance

    Revocable Trusts and FDIC Insurance
    I’ve received many calls from clients wondering whether their Certificates of Deposit are totally insured under the FDIC insurance rules. There’s a lot of confusion as to whether and how much of your deposits may be insured at one…
  • Apr 22

    How a Trust Saves Income Taxe

    How a Trust Saves Income Taxe
    Can leaving amounts in trust for your loved ones save income taxes? Yes, it can.   Generally, there are two ways that you can leave your inheritance to your loved ones. The most common method is an outright distribution. Your will reads…
  • Apr 8

    Selecting a Trustee – Lessons from the Bible

    Selecting a Trustee – Lessons from the Bible
    When I sit with a client and the conversation turns to selecting the successor trustee in the estate plan, I’m often not sure that my client understands the importance of this decision. Following the client’s death, for example,…
Rank this Week: 504

Thoughts on Wills & Estate…

Thoughts on Wills & Estate Planning

Covers estate planning in Virginia and Maryland. By Scott R. Zucker.

http://estateplanninginfoblog.com
  • Jan 4

    Federal Estate and Gift Tax Rules for 2013, Including Example

    Federal Estate and Gift Tax Rules for 2013, Including Example
    By passing the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (“ATRA”), President Obama and Congress have agreed on a first step towards solving our fiscal cliff problem.  While neither Democrats or Republicans seem overly…
  • Dec 2

    My 21 Favorite Estate Planning Insults and Comeback

    My 21 Favorite Estate Planning Insults and Comeback
    When you achieve a certain level of success in estate planning law, complaining about the billboards, the yachts, the keys to the cities, the authorized (and unauthorized) documentaries about your life, etc. seems a bit petty. Then again, the…
  • Nov 30

    The Fiscal Cliff and Your Estate Planning (Part III): The Impact on You

    The Fiscal Cliff and Your Estate Planning (Part III): The Impact on You
    In the first post of this series, we discussed the fiscal cliff and its impact on our economy.  In the previous post, we covered the proposals most likely to be considered by Congress in the coming weeks.  In this final post of the…
Rank this Week: 585

The Ohio Trust & Estate Blog

The Ohio Trust & Estate Blog

Covers estate tax, marriage, medicaid and probate. By Michael D. Bonasera.

http://www.bonasera.org
  • Dec 18

    TOMMY!

    TOMMY!
    So I’ve not posted for a while.  In fact, you’ll note that I mention in the below post that my son was about a month from arriving…  Well, arrive he did.  On 6/18/2012 Tommy arrived and, smiling almost ever…
  • May 8

    Sad Update

    Sad Update
    Its been a while since I’ve written anything here and, though I fully intend to get back to it in the coming months, a couple sad events required mentioning: MCA died last Friday.  The number of tributes available on the web make this…
  • Aug 16

    So Many Great Blogs, So Little Time

    So Many Great Blogs, So Little Time
    My Google Reader account is getting pretty full-up.  There’s so many great resources out there for estate planning that it’s getting hard to keep up!  It’s a nice problem to have I guess…
Rank this Week: 469

Texas Wills and Trusts Law Online

Texas Wills and Trusts Law Online

Covers issues relating to wills, trusts, estate planning, and probate in Texas. By Rania Combs.

http://www.texaswillsandtrustslaw.com
  • Apr 29

    Who Will Take Care of my Disabled Child When I Die?

    Who Will Take Care of my Disabled Child When I Die?
    As parents of children with disabilities age, thinking about who will take care of their children after they become disabled or die can cause significant anxiety. Choosing a person willing to take on the responsibilities of caring for…
  • Apr 13

    Is an Advance Directive Signed In Another State Valid in Texas?

    Is an Advance Directive Signed In Another State Valid in Texas?
    A living will, or directive to physicians, is a document that allows you to instruct your physicians not to use artificial methods to extend your life in the event you are diagnosed with a terminal or irreversible condition. A question I…
  • Apr 6

    Can I Get Medical Power of Attorney Over an Incapacitated Person?

    Can I Get Medical Power of Attorney Over an Incapacitated Person?
    A distraught mother contacted me. Her daughter was incapacitated in an intensive care unit as a result of a drug overdose, and her drug-addicted son-in-law was in control of making medical decisions for her. Naturally she was concerned. She…
Rank this Week: 758

Estate Law Canada

Estate Law Canada

Covers estate planning topics, trusts, probate, Enduring Powers of Attorney, health care directives, incapacity issues and elder law. By Lynne Butler.

http://estatelawcanada.blogspot.com/
  • Apr 29

    A smile for the weekend

    A smile for the weekend
    A smile for the weekend.
  • Apr 27

    Prince's Heirs: Star's sister says Prince died without a will

    Prince's Heirs: Star's sister says Prince died without a will
    Pop star Prince passed away recently at the age of 57 years old. Now his sister has filed papers saying that Prince didn't have a will, but left a fortune of 300 million dollars. Apparently he did not leave a spouse or children. This is…
  • Apr 26

    What do we do with our art collection?

    What do we do with our art collection?
    I've recently come across a good article by Malcolm Burrows, who specializes in philanthropy and helping people set up plans for donations both in their lifetimes and after death. Malcolm (with whom I have had the very great pleasure to work…
Rank this Week: 728

Los Angeles Estate, Probate And…

Los Angeles Estate, Probate And Tax Law Blog

Covers estate planning, tax and probate law. Published by Moravecs, a Professional Law Corporation.

http://losangelesestateprobatelawyer.blogspot.com/
Rank this Week: 615

Florida Probate Lawyer Blog

Florida Probate Lawyer Blog

Covers estate, guardianship, probate and trust litigation. By Law Offices of Adrian Philip Thomas.

http://www.florida-probate-lawyer.com/probate
  • Feb 22

    Inter Vivos Transfers and Indispensable Partie

    Inter Vivos Transfers and Indispensable Partie
    A decedent’s estate was not an indispensable party to a civil action seeking to invalidate inter vivos transfers for undue influence. Parker v. Parker, — So.3d — (Fla. 4th DCA 2016) (41 Fla. L. Weekly D310a) The Decedent,…
  • Jan 20

    RETROACTIVE DUE PROCESS IN PROBATE

    RETROACTIVE DUE PROCESS IN PROBATE
    Typically, when the Supreme Court of the United States announces a new Rule of Federal Constitutional Law dealing with due process, the new Rules are applied retroactively.  However, Florida probate courts are left with the power and…
  • Jan 5

    Will Substitutes in Florida

    Will Substitutes in Florida
    THE CONFUSING LAW OF WILL SUBSTITUTES “Many legal doctrines today appear jarringly, carelessly, almost randomly out of harmony with one another.  The chaos has gone largely undetected and hence, has continued to swirl…
Rank this Week: 789

New York Probate & Estate…

New York Probate & Estate Litigation Blog

Covers probate news, procedures and resources. By Philip M. Bernstein.

http://www.nyprobatelitigation.com/
  • Feb 1

    Executors Should Beware Of Serious Pitfall

    Executors Should Beware Of Serious Pitfall
    Today’s Wall Street Journal contains a worthwhile but cautionary article about the pitfalls that can face even the most well-meaning executor. As you will see, a lot of the decisions an executor must make need to be made…
  • Jan 31

    David Bowie’s Will Filed In Manhattan Surrogate’s Court — His Estate Valued At 100 Million Dollar

    David Bowie’s Will Filed In Manhattan Surrogate’s Court — His Estate Valued At 100 Million Dollar
    The Will of David Robert Jones was filed earlier this month in New York County Surrogate’s Court giving the value of his estate at 100 million dollars. Not familiar with David Robert Jones? As the New York Times reported, He was far…
  • Jul 20

    Application To Withdraw Waiver Consenting To Probate Denied By Brooklyn Surrogate

    Application To Withdraw Waiver Consenting To Probate Denied By Brooklyn Surrogate
    Prior to the commencement of a probate proceeding or an administration proceeding, the attorney for the estate will normally send a waiver consenting to the admission of the will to probate or to the appointment of an administrator to all…
Rank this Week: 796

San Diego Estate Planning Lawyer…

San Diego Estate Planning Lawyer Blog

Covers estate planning topics such as conservatorship, guardianship, health care and advanced directive, living trusts, and probate. By Law Office of Scott D. Soady, A Professional Corporation

http://www.sandiegoestateplanninglawyerblog.com/
  • May 1

    Disposing of Household Effects in Your Estate Plan

    Disposing of Household Effects in Your Estate Plan
    Something to consider when you are making an estate plan is taking stock of just how much stuff you own. While we generally discuss an estate in terms of major assets (real estate, bank accounts, brokerage portfolios, etc.) there is also…
  • Apr 30

    How Do I Transfer Property from One Trust to Another Trust?

    How Do I Transfer Property from One Trust to Another Trust?
    Unlike a last will and testament, estate planning through a living trust involves the transfer of title to assets during your lifetime. For example, if you want your house to be part of a revocable living trust, you must execute and file a…
  • Apr 29

    What is My Estate Actually Worth?

    What is My Estate Actually Worth?
    An “estate” does not necessarily include all of a person’s assets. In the context of estate planning, an estate refers to property subject to distribution under a person’s last will and testament—that is to say,…
Rank this Week: 1067

Florida Estate Planning and…

Florida Estate Planning and Probate Law Blog

By Marc Soss.

http://floridaestateplanningandprobatelaw.blogspot.com/
  • Apr 29

    THE IMPORTANCE OF A LAST WILL & TESTAMENT

    THE IMPORTANCE OF A LAST WILL & TESTAMENT
    Prince's death puts living will discussion into the spotlightSARASOTA, Fla. -- It's something that experts say you don't want to have running away from you. If you pass away without a will in the state of Florida, the state statutes would…
  • Apr 26

    FIDUCIARY ACCESS LAW IN FLORIDA

    FIDUCIARY ACCESS LAW IN FLORIDA
    On March 10, 2016, Governor Scott signed in law the “Fiduciary Access Law.”  Effective July 1, 2016, the law allows custodians to turn over "data, text, images, videos, sounds, codes, computer programs, software, databases"…
  • Apr 5

    CHANGES TO THE PARTNERSHIP RULES COMING IN 2017

    CHANGES TO THE PARTNERSHIP RULES COMING IN 2017
    The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 has strengthened the IRS’s ability to audit partnerships (including multi-member LLCs). The new rules apply to tax years beginning after 2017, and will apply to partnerships of 100 or more partners. To…
Rank this Week: 863

South Florida Estate Planning Law

South Florida Estate Planning Law

Covers South Florida estate planning, probate and tax law issues. By David Shulman.

http://www.sofloridaestateplanning.com/
  • Apr 26

    This is what it sounds like – when people die intestate

    This is what it sounds like – when people die intestate
    The biggest enemy of proper estate planning is procrastination. As the world knows, Prince died last week. Today we find out that he died intestate, which is a fancy word that lawyers use for dying without a will. When you die intestate, the…
  • Mar 11

    My monthly appearance on the “Ask the Experts” radio show, 3-10-2016

    My monthly appearance on the “Ask the Experts” radio show, 3-10-2016
    Going forward, I’ll be appearing monthly on the “Ask the Experts” radio show to discuss estate planning, probate, guardianships, elder law, and other related issues. Yesterday, I got there in the nick of time. If it…
  • Feb 27

    Florida Legislature enacts, and governor signs “Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act”

    Florida Legislature enacts, and governor signs “Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act”
    After a few false starts and much wrangling, Florida has enacted the Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act. Instead of integrating the new law into the various provisions of the probate, trust, guardianship, and power of attorney…
Rank this Week: 1091

Planning Notes

Planning Notes

Covers fundamental concepts relevant to estate planning, business law, real estate law, and tax law. By Cook & Cook.

http://cooklaw.co/blog
  • Apr 26

    Candidates' Proposed Estate Tax Plan

    Candidates' Proposed Estate Tax Plan
    Robert Woods, writing for Forbes: Under current law, estates worth $5.45 million or less are exempt from federal estate tax. Beyond that, you pay. Call it an estate tax, a death tax, or a tax on accumulated wealth. Whatever you call it, it…
  • Apr 14

    Bernie Sander's Estate Tax Plan

    Bernie Sander's Estate Tax Plan
    Ashlea Ebeling, reporting for Forbes: The Sanders bill, a rewrite of a bill he introduced in 2010—the year the estate tax lapsed under the Bush tax cuts — would exempt the first $3.5 million on an individual’s estate from…
  • Mar 18

    Can The FBI Make Apple Rewrite iOS?

    Can The FBI Make Apple Rewrite iOS?
    Great analysis by Harvard Law professor Susan Crawford regarding the FBI's demands of Apple: The president  —  our Law Professor in Chief  — has to know the DOJ is on shaky…
Rank this Week: 928

Law Office of Andrew M. Lamkin,…

Law Office of Andrew M. Lamkin, P.C. Blog

Covers elder law.

http://lamkinelderlaw.com/articles/
  • Apr 26

    Three Easy and Effective Ways to Avoid Probate in New York

    Three Easy and Effective Ways to Avoid Probate in New York
    Probate can be slow and costly, tying up your estate for months or even years, and consuming a substantial amount of the estate that you intend to leave for your loved ones. But it does not necessarily have to be this way. There are several…
  • Apr 19

    Three Very Important Ways That an Elder Lawyer Can Assist You

    Three Very Important Ways That an Elder Lawyer Can Assist You
    The most frequent question that potential clients have for an elder law attorney is, “How can an elder law attorney assist me?” In short, an elder law attorney can assist you with legal issues that are associated with the natural…
  • Apr 12

    Protecting Your Assets From Nursing Home Cost

    Protecting Your Assets From Nursing Home Cost
    If you become too ill or frail to live at home or in an assisted living residence, you may need to move to a long-term care facility that provides 24-hour assistance, monitoring, and nursing care. But long-term care facilities, also known as…
Rank this Week: 906

Florida Estate Planning Lawyer…

Florida Estate Planning Lawyer Blog

Covers estate planning, probate, taxes, elder law, business law and employment law issues. By Law Office of David M. Goldman PLLC.

http://www.floridaestateplanninglawyerblog.com/
  • Apr 25

    Foreign Wills: Are they valid in Florida?

    Foreign Wills: Are they valid in Florida?
    Foreign Wills: Will a Florida Court recognize them? The world is becoming a more global community and with that means the United States has seen an increase in the amount of foreign-born individuals living, visiting, and investing in the U.S.…
  • Apr 19

    Trust Funding

    Trust Funding
    Trust Funding Trust funding is one of the most important aspects of an estate plan or asset protection plan. Attorneys, and clients, hear so much about trust funding, but rarely is it truly understood or implemented properly. Given how…
  • Apr 14

    Sandwich Generation

    Sandwich Generation
    Sandwich Generation “The Sandwich Generation” is an interesting phenomenon occurring in the estate planning world.  The term was coined to refer to the group of adults in the world today that must juggle the responsibilities…
Rank this Week: 1115

NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog

NFA Gun Trust Lawyer Blog

Covers Class III weapons topics for all of the 50 states. By Law Office of David M. Goldman PLLC.

http://www.guntrustlawyer.com/
  • Apr 4

    Building an SBR in Washington State

    Building an SBR in Washington State
    Building an SBR in Washington State The Governor of Washington has signed a bill which clarifies that it is both legal to buy an SBR and build an SBR.  Senate bill 6165 was created to address the uncertainty as to whether it was legal to…
  • Mar 31

    Iowa Gun Trust and Suppressor

    Iowa Gun Trust and Suppressor
    An Iowa Gun Trust has many benefits including multiple authorized users, contact us to receive information on the many benefits of owning suppressors with an Iowa Gun Trust or Multi Generational Asset Protection Gun Trust.  Gun Trusts…
  • Feb 15

    MICHIGAN: Hunting with Suppressor is now Legal

    MICHIGAN: Hunting with Suppressor is now Legal
    On the 11th of February, Michigan became the 38th state to permit the use a suppressor while hunting. The change became effective on the 11th.  The restrictions related to the amount of noise reduction and use with subsonic ammo were…
Rank this Week: 1068

The Probate Lawyer Family Feud…

The Probate Lawyer Family Feud Blog

Covers celebrity and true case stories on probate litigation. By Andrew Mayoras.

http://www.probatelawyerblog.com/
  • Jan 19

    The David Bowie Estate Shows His Genius Extended Beyond Music

    The David Bowie Estate Shows His Genius Extended Beyond Music
    Only a very few pop artists enjoyed lasting careers as diverse, colorful, and successful as David Bowie. He remained fascinating and on the cutting-edge, up until the very end, in ways that extended far beyond making music. Bowie, whose real…
  • Jan 14

    Celebrity Legacies: Conflicts Plagued Tupac Shakur Before And After Death

    Celebrity Legacies: Conflicts Plagued Tupac Shakur Before And After Death
    Tupac Shakur was well-known for his "Thug" image, his rap prowess, and his many Tupac Shakur's estateconflicts -- leading up to the tragic shooting that took his life at age 25. So should anyone be surprised at the high number of legal…
  • Jan 8

    Bill Cosby Headlines The Top Ten Celebrity Legal Battles Of 2015

    Bill Cosby Headlines The Top Ten Celebrity Legal Battles Of 2015
    What better way to start the new year than by counting down Trial & Heirs Top Ten Celebrity Legal Battles of 2015, complete with lessons? 1. Bill Cosby vs. many woman - Andrea Constad is one of dozens of women who have sued Cosby for…
Rank this Week: 866

FLG Trusts & Estates Reporter

FLG Trusts & Estates Reporter

Covers trusts, estate planning, asset protection, and probate, with particular focus on Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. By Fortenberry Law Group PLLC.

http://www.fortenberrylaw.com
  • Nov 17

    U.S. States With Series LLC Act

    U.S. States With Series LLC Act
    A series LLC is a form of limited liability company that is authorized by state law to hold assets in separate “containers” known as series.  These containers function much like holding companies. They are used to segregate…
  • Oct 29

    Rights of Stepchildren to Assets of a Deceased Parent in Probate

    Rights of Stepchildren to Assets of a Deceased Parent in Probate
    Here’s a scenario that I get so often that it deserves its own blog post:  Dad dies. Stepchildren claim that stepmother is taking dad’s assets and not communicating with them. Stepmother claims that all of the marital assets…
  • Oct 22

    Formal Florida Probate Administration in 10 Step

    Formal Florida Probate Administration in 10 Step
    Of the various types of Florida probate proceedings, formal administration is the most common.  Like any probate matter, Florida probate administration can vary depending on the size of the estate, the decedent’s asset…
Rank this Week: 1058

New York Personal Injury Lawyer…

New York Personal Injury Lawyer Blog

Covers personal injury law. By the Law Offices of Stephen Bilkis & Associates.

http://www.newyorkinjurylawyer247blog.com/
  • Sep 22

    Supreme Court, Bronx County

    Supreme Court, Bronx County
    A Bronx Estate Litigation Lawyer said that, defendant-appellant moved pursuant to CPLR 510(1) to change the venue of the instant matter from Bronx County to Westchester County more than three years after the commencement of the action and…
  • Sep 17

    Integrated Domestic Violence Court...cont

    Integrated Domestic Violence Court...cont
    This case raises two questions concerning application of the recently enacted Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Enforcement Act (UCCJEA), set forth at article 5-A of the Domestic Relations Law: (1) whether (as the father urges) title 3 of…
  • Sep 14

    Integrated Domestic Violence Court...cont

    Integrated Domestic Violence Court...cont
    Proof of service by mail to an address not specified in the part of the Dominican court record before this court was submitted to the Dominican court. The mother did not appear for the custody proceeding. In a decision dated April 17, 2002,…
Rank this Week: 1122

Cooper Elder Law

Cooper Elder Law

Covers Ohio estate planning, nursing home protection and qualifying for veterans benefits. By Thom L. Cooper Company, LPA.

http://cooperelderlaw.com/our-blog/
  • Jun 8

    Cooper, Adel & Associates Names Daniel H. Vu Partner

    Cooper, Adel & Associates Names Daniel H. Vu Partner
    Founder Thom L. Cooper and Managing Partner Mitchell J. Adel are pleased to announce the appointment of Daniel Vu as partner in the law firm of Cooper, Adel and Associates. Vu will lead the development of the firm’s advance estate…
  • Apr 22

    Earth Day is a good opportunity to fertilize your estate plan.

    Earth Day is a good opportunity to fertilize your estate plan.
    By Attorney Ted Brown Earth Day is one of my favorite times of the year as it marks the dawn of spring and reminds us of the natural wonder of seasonal renewal. It gives us the opportunity to pause and reflect on not only the pristine beauty…
  • Apr 7

    Ohio Under Fire Over Medicaid Regulation

    Ohio Under Fire Over Medicaid Regulation
    By Attorney Nathan Simpson In a recent opinion in the case Wagner v. McCarthy, a judge from the Federal District Court for Southern Ohio issued a preliminary injunction against the Ohio Department of Medicaid for its interpretation of federal…
Rank this Week: 885

Elder Law Office of David Wingate,…

Elder Law Office of David Wingate, LLC

Covers elder law, assisted living facilities, estate planning, and nursing homes.

http://blog.davidwingate.com/
  • Mar 8

    Heckerling Institute on Estate Planning - 2015 What Will Happen? (Contd)

    Heckerling Institute on Estate Planning - 2015 What Will Happen? (Contd)
    Related proposals pertaining to qualified plans and individual retirement accounts. In addition, the Green Book includes the following proposals that pertain to qualified plans and IRAs: A limit on the total accrual of retirement benefits by…
  • Mar 7

    Heckerling Institute on Estate Planning - 2015 What Will Happen? (Contd)

    Heckerling Institute on Estate Planning - 2015 What Will Happen? (Contd)
    Sales, exchanges and “comparable transactions” with grantor trusts. The Obama Administration would attempt to address the disconnect between the income tax rules and the estate tax rules that apply to intentionally defective grantor…
  • Mar 7

    Social Security Ups Disability Safeguard

    Social Security Ups Disability Safeguard
    The Social Security Administration is expanding a program nationally to help bar criminals from controlling benefits on behalf of individuals with disabilities and the elderly. The program originally launched as a pilot in the…
Rank this Week: 949

CEB blog

CEB blog

Covers practice tips and new legal developments of particular interest to California legal professionals. The CEB blog covers a wide range of practice areas from estate planning to civil litigation, along with posts relating to the practice of law generally.

http://blog.ceb.com
  • May 2

    Settling a Car Accident Case: Drafting Your Demand

    Settling a Car Accident Case: Drafting Your Demand
    You’re representing someone injured in a car accident and you’ve reached the point at which you’re ready to send a demand letter to communicate a settlement offer to the defendant’s insurance carrier. But what should…
  • Apr 29

    Questions to Ask When Deposing an Expert

    Questions to Ask When Deposing an Expert
    The task of deposing the opposition’s expert is simplified immeasurably by keeping in mind the deposition’s fundamental purpose: to discover all of the expert’s opinions and all of the bases for those opinions. Your goal…
  • Apr 27

    Need Change? Take Inventory of Your Legal Career

    Need Change? Take Inventory of Your Legal Career
    The following is a guest blog post by Laura Boysen-Aragon. Ms. Boysen-Aragon is a legal recruiter at Solutus Legal Search, LLC, where she helps lawyers find their next dream job and helps companies and law firms find their next legal ace. She…
Rank this Week: 1439

Estate Planning and Elder Law Blog

Estate Planning and Elder Law Blog

Covers estate planning, elder law, and probate topics in New York. By the Law Offices of Roman Aminov.

http://www.aminovlaw.com
  • May 2

    Medicaid Planning for Parents in New York

    Medicaid Planning for Parents in New York
    As parents get older, children begin to take on the role of caretaker and assist their parents in making various medical and financial decisions. In fact, I receive more phone calls from children of seniors looking for Medicaid planning for…
  • Mar 30

    Should I Deed My Home to My Children?

    Should I Deed My Home to My Children?
    I often receive phone calls from potential clients asking whether, as an estate planning and elder attorney, I recommend that they add their children as co-owners to the deed of their house, co-op, or condominium. The callers are usually…
  • Jan 18

    Ethical Wills: A Legacy With Love

    Ethical Wills: A Legacy With Love
    My dream to build an estate planning practice was born early in my law school career. My first trusts and estates class introduced me to a legal world where the most important and sensitive parts of our lives, our mortality, were front and…
Rank this Week: 1367

Hauptman and Hauptman, P.C. Blog

Hauptman and Hauptman, P.C. Blog

Covers guardianship, Medicaid, probate and estate administration.

http://www.hauptmanlaw.com/blog
  • May 1

    What Happens When You Don’t File for Medicaid When You Should #Medicaid

    What Happens When You Don’t File for Medicaid When You Should #Medicaid
               Shelly called to ask the following questions, “Does my mom have to tell the nursing home where her bank accounts are located?”  In order to answer the…
  • Apr 24

    Retirement Account Changes for 2016 #retirementaccount

    Retirement Account Changes for 2016 #retirementaccount
         As the population continues to age and we see the next generation of seniors coming through our office there are differences in the profile of an aging senior today vs. what we saw 15 or 20 years ago.…
  • Apr 18

    Nursing Home Resident with Personal Injury Claim (Part 2) #Medicaid

    Nursing Home Resident with Personal Injury Claim (Part 2) #Medicaid
                Last week I was telling you about Mary who received a personal injury settlement while on Medicaid.  Because she is over age 65 she can’t protect the money by…
Rank this Week: 1396

New York Probate and Estate…

New York Probate and Estate Administration Blog

Published by Stephen Bilkis & Associates

http://www.newyorkprobateestateadministration.com/
  • Apr 30

    Plaintiff Seeks to Enforce Charging Lien

    Plaintiff Seeks to Enforce Charging Lien
    A New York Estate Lawyer said that, the law firms seek to determine and enforce charging liens pursuant to section 475 of the Judiciary Law. The liens would secure fees claimed by the Firms for legal services to respondent under a retainer…
  • Apr 29

    Petitioners File Construction Proceeding to Determine Effect of Tax Exoneration Clause

    Petitioners File Construction Proceeding to Determine Effect of Tax Exoneration Clause
    A New York Estate Lawyer said that, the executors have instituted this construction proceeding, prior to the filing of Federal and New York estate tax returns, to determine the effect of a tax exoneration clause, paragraph second and request…
  • Apr 28

    Court Discusses Residuary Clause of Will

    Court Discusses Residuary Clause of Will
    A New York Estate Lawyer said that, this is a proceeding to construe and reform Article III, the residuary clause, of the last will and testament of the decedent so as to enable the estate to qualify for an unlimited New York estate tax…
Rank this Week: 1793

Kansas & Missouri Estate Planning

Kansas & Missouri Estate Planning

Covers estate planning, elder law, asset protection, charitable giving, and business law. By Kyle E. Krull.

http://blog.kylekrull.com/kansas-missouri-estate-planning/
Rank this Week: 1146

New York Estate Planning Lawyer…

New York Estate Planning Lawyer Blog

Covers estate planning, estate administration and estate taxes. By Ettinger Law Firm.

http://www.newyorkestateplanninglawyerblog.com/
  • Apr 29

    SELF CANCELLING INSTALLMENT NOTE

    SELF CANCELLING INSTALLMENT NOTE
    CHANGE IN APPROACH BY IRS BUT STILL SOUND ESTATE PLANNING CONTINGENCY It is obvious that no one knows when they will shake off their mortal coil and pass from this earthly realm.  The IRS and the law in general consult their own…
  • Apr 27

    MORE ON ESTATE PLANNING FOR THE FARMER

    MORE ON ESTATE PLANNING FOR THE FARMER
    PASSING THE FARM IS LIKE PASSING ON THE FAMILY CORPORATION There is no doubt that some modern farmers run large multi-million dollar operations right in their backyard.  Maintaining a herd of cows and other grazing stock costs…
  • Apr 25

    WILL DOES NOT REVOKE PREVIOUS TRANSFER OF PROPERTY TO TRUST

    WILL DOES NOT REVOKE PREVIOUS TRANSFER OF PROPERTY TO TRUST
    BEST LAID PLANS DO NOT ALWAYS WORK OUT A case with an interesting factual background came out of Texas recently. While it was based on Texas law and the case is binding in only Texas, the legal principles discussed by the Court are equally…
Rank this Week: 1182

About Florida Law

About Florida Law

Covers Florida estate planning and condo laws. By Sackrin & Tolchinsky.

http://aboutfloridalaw.com
  • Apr 28

    What Remedies Are Available For a Breach of a Real Estate Contract in Florida?

    What Remedies Are Available For a Breach of a Real Estate Contract in Florida?
    According to Florida case law as of the date of this article, a breach of a real estate contract can give rise to a specific performance claim (compelling the seller to sell or the buyer to buy) or a damages claim.  The contract…
  • Apr 26

    5 Must-Have Prerequisites for A Valid Contract to Sell Residential Real Estate In Florida

    5 Must-Have Prerequisites for A Valid Contract to Sell Residential Real Estate In Florida
    In Florida, real estate transactions are governed by both real estate and contract law (other laws and regulations can also apply, like those related to mold, lead based paint, coastal control issues, etc.). As a result, transactions can…
  • Apr 25

    Who has the right to bring a statutory action for a partition?

    Who has the right to bring a statutory action for a partition?
    According to Florida case law as of the date of this article, generally, a fee title holder of an undivided interest in a parcel of real property has the right to bring a statutory action for partition without any concern about his…
Rank this Week: 1510

Florida Elder Law and Estate…

Florida Elder Law and Estate Planning

Provides news and views on current topics in elder law, estate planning, wills and trusts, caregiver issues, probate and estate administration, Medicaid and Veterans benefits, other issues of importance to seniors and their families. By Joseph S. Karp.

http://karplaw.blogspot.com/
  • Apr 26

    This Prince was no pauper

    This Prince was no pauper
    I never really listened to Prince's music - it's not really my era. But the superstar's untimely death sure has us estate planning lawyers paying attention. With all the usual combustible elements in place - celebrity, money, and a somewhat…
  • Apr 18

    Better visit your aging parents if you live in China. (It's a good idea here, too)

    Better visit your aging parents if you live in China. (It's a good idea here, too)
    China has a long history of respect for the elderly. An adult child who fails to care for his parents violates a key teaching of Confuciansim. And soon, inattentive children may face more than moral reprobation: their credit scores may be…
  • Apr 17

    Don't sign the nursing home's mandatory arbitration clause

    Don't sign the nursing home's mandatory arbitration clause
    Admitting a loved one to a nursing home can be a deeply  emotional and troubling experience, but it is important to keep your wits about you. In prior posts (read more here and here) I advised you to read the fine print, and to avoid signing…
Rank this Week: 1724

Wealth Law Blog

Wealth Law Blog

Covers building, protecting and distributing wealth. By Samuels Yoelin Kantor LLP.

http://samuelslaw.com/blog/
  • Apr 26

    The Estate of Prince – Let’s Go Crazy!

    The Estate of Prince – Let’s Go Crazy!
    Early reports tell us that the late musician Prince died without a will. Therefore, Minnesota “intestacy” statutes (i.e. statutes govern estates of decedents dying without a will) are going to control the administration of…
  • Apr 7

    Gorrell Speaking at Food Fusion: Law’s Sustaining Role in Food

    Gorrell Speaking at Food Fusion: Law’s Sustaining Role in Food
    On April 15th, Denise Gorrell will be joining a group of panelist at Lewis & Clark Law School to discuss legal and policy issues that are involved in producing and providing the foods we eat. Food Fusion: Law's Sustaining Role in Food is…
  • Apr 6

    Due Diligence: Just Who Are You Dealing With?

    Due Diligence: Just Who Are You Dealing With?
    Your time is valuable. You don’t need to be dealing with individuals or entities who have bad intentions or who are deceptive. You’re probably better off taking a vacation to the beach or the mountains than you are dealing with…
Rank this Week: 1221

The Helpful Lawyer

The Helpful Lawyer

A Texas sole practioner's blog on issues that face my clients.

http://www.jackrobinson.com/blog/
  • Apr 13

    A Power of Attorney can be misused to financially exploit an elderly person

    A Power of Attorney can be misused to financially exploit an elderly person
    A Power of Attorney can be misused to financially exploit an elderly person A Power of Attorney can be misused to financially exploit an elderly person In this last part of a 4 part blog, we focus on the serious harm caused when people misuse…
  • Apr 11

    Wrongful use of a Power of Attorney is financial abuse the elderly

    Wrongful use of a Power of Attorney is financial abuse the elderly
    Wrongful use of a Power of Attorney is financial abuse the elderly Wrongful use of a Power of Attorney is financial abuse the elderly In this 3rd part of a 4 part blog, we focus on the serious harm caused when people misuse the powers granted…
  • Apr 6

    Stop financial abuse of the elderly through Power of Attorney misuse

    Stop financial abuse of the elderly through Power of Attorney misuse
    Stop financial abuse of the elderly through Power of Attorney misuse Stop financial abuse of the elderly through Power of Attorney misuse In this 2nd part of a 4 part blog, we focus on the serious harm caused when people misuse the powers…
Rank this Week: 1384

Walden & Pfannenstiel Blog

Walden & Pfannenstiel Blog

Covers bankruptcy and estate planning.

http://wplawpractice.com/blog/
  • Apr 5

    April 1, 2016 Median Income Levels for Kansas and Missouri Bankruptcy Filer

    April 1, 2016 Median Income Levels for Kansas and Missouri Bankruptcy Filer
    The Means Test looks at your Median Income to determine for which Chapter of Bankruptcy you qualify: Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 As of April 1, 2016 the Median Income Levels changed once again. Median income levels in Kansas and Missouri are up…
  • Jan 27

    Your 2015 Tax Refund Can Eliminate your Debt

    Your 2015 Tax Refund Can Eliminate your Debt
    A New Year is a time to look at the next 12 months with hope and possibility, let our bankruptcy attorneys assist you and have a Happy New Year in 2016.  Every day we see debtors and their households struggling with debt.  The debt…
  • Dec 14

    Attorney Malissa L. Walden Selected for List of Top Rated Lawyers in KS.

    Attorney Malissa L. Walden Selected for List of Top Rated Lawyers in KS.
    A Kansas City based bankruptcy lawyer, Malissa L. Walden, has been named a top attorney in Kansas.   Lenexa, KS December 14, 2015 – The 2015 list of top rated attorneys in KS as published in the November, 2015 issue of KC Magazine…
Rank this Week: 1715

epilawg

epilawg

Provides insight for planning the resolution of your own story through thoughtful estate planning.

http://epilawg.com/
  • Apr 5

    Life Insurance for Family Business Owner

    Life Insurance for Family Business Owner
    Owners of family businesses often find themselves in a dilemma over how to treat their adult children fairly when one or more is interested and capable of taking over the business and the other adult […]
  • Mar 23

    Vanishing Premiums Explained

    Vanishing Premiums Explained
    Many insured’s are confused and angered when the premiums of their “vanishing premium” life insurance policy, either don’t vanish or reappear at a later date.  If the policy was promoted and sold on a…
  • Mar 17

    The Power to Revoke at Any Moment

    The Power to Revoke at Any Moment
    A popular saying goes “bad planning on your part does not constitute an emergency on my part.”  Estate planners cannot rely on such platitudes.  It is our job to fix bad planning especially in emergency […]
Rank this Week: 1853

Lambert and Williams Law Blog

Lambert and Williams Law Blog

Focuses on personal injury, estate, & marine law.

http://www.lambertandwilliams.com/posts
  • Apr 4

    Navigating Your ICBC Claim

    Navigating Your ICBC Claim
    The simplest way to explain how motor vehicle claims in B.C. are handled is to divide them into two categories: (1) accidents that you are at fault for, and (2) accidents that someone else is at fault for.  When you are injured in a…
  • Mar 4

    Don’t be Frustrated at the Driver Who stops for the Pedestrian to Cro

    Don’t be Frustrated at the Driver Who stops for the Pedestrian to Cro
    Most drivers do not know that a pedestrian has the right of way to cross at an uncontrolled intersection, whether there is a marked crosswalk or not.  In our blog post “Common Driver Mistakes:  The Unmarked Crosswalk” we…
  • Jan 16

    #Walktoria – Highlighting Pedestrian Safety in Greater Victoria

    #Walktoria – Highlighting Pedestrian Safety in Greater Victoria
    The other night a tweet was posted: It highlighted a common problem, a “ghost crosswalk” across a busy road to a bus stop in Saanich.  It seems that being a pedestrian in Victoria comes with some less than ideal conditions.…
Rank this Week: 1376

California Probate and Estate…

California Probate and Estate Planning Blog

Covers California probate and estate planning including law changes, legal strategies, and detailed descriptions of the options available. By Meissner, Joseph & Palley, Inc.

http://www.californiaprobate.info/blog
  • Apr 1

    Lessons from mom on estate planning

    Lessons from mom on estate planning
    It’s only been three weeks, to the day, since my mom died and I have a few thoughts on what I have learned in regard to her estate planning matters. Some things done right and things not done right. VICTORY: My mom named me as…
  • Mar 29

    Losing a loved one

    Losing a loved one
    We have all lost a loved one… or will eventually lose a loved one. Losing a loved one is hard there is no question. It is a sad reality of life though.  I lost my dad when I was 14. I remember it well of course.  My mom was a…
  • Feb 18

    Billable Hours – be careful!

    Billable Hours – be careful!
    I was talking to one of my probate clients yesterday and he told me a story about a bill he received from the attorney who drafted his mom’s will and trust which include some scary billable hours.  My client, who we will call Bob…
Rank this Week: 1727

Tax Problem Attorney Blog

Tax Problem Attorney Blog

Covers topics such as sales and payroll tax problems, offers in compromise, tax audits, tax debt, tax disputes, tax fraud, tax litigation and tax controversy, and tax preparer penalties. By Brager Tax Law Group.

http://www.taxproblemattorneyblog.com/
Rank this Week: 1632

Purcell & Amen, L.L.C. Blog

Purcell & Amen, L.L.C. Blog

Covers elder law and estate planning.

http://yourestatematters.com/blog/
  • Dec 16

    Financial Abuse of the Elderly Is Among the Fastest Growing Crimes in America

    Financial Abuse of the Elderly Is Among the Fastest Growing Crimes in America
    Over the last several decades the elderly population in the United States has grown considerably, and it shows no signs of slowing down. In fact, experts predict that by the year 2050 the number of older Americans (65 and older) will…
  • Dec 15

    Why Co-Habitating Couples Need an Estate Plan

    Why Co-Habitating Couples Need an Estate Plan
    Not all that long ago in the United States society frowned on couples who lived together outside of the bonds of matrimony. In the 21st century though, more and more couples are choosing to put off marriage until later in life, or forego the…
  • Dec 14

    Life Events that Should Trigger an Estate Plan Update

    Life Events that Should Trigger an Estate Plan Update
    In the United States it is estimated that less than half of all adults have an estate plan in place. If you are among that minority you are to be commended; however, do not make the mistake that people so often make of forgetting about your…
Rank this Week: 1436