Posts tagged with: "racial disparity"
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7 Nov 2009, 2:22 pm by "Major" Mori
NYRB has an interesting review of three books, by David Cole, called Can Our Shameful Prisons Be Reformed. November issue. Not much new here, but the problem is gaining in notoriety, perhaps. [read post]
8 Feb 2008, 11:07 am by The Defenders
Yet another report was released that confirmed what we already knew - blacks are incarcerated at a dizzying rate compared with their proportion of the population in Wisconsin. http://www.jsonline.com/story/index.aspx?id=715572 The governor appointed yet another commission to study this well documented problem - you may remember that Gov. Thompson did this in 2000 (investigating racial profiling [read post]
9 Feb 2009, 12:20 pm by The Defenders
Recently the court of appeals basically attacked former Milwaukee County Circuit Judge Joseph Wall in opinion vacating the sentence of Landry Harris on drug charges because, they said, his comments at sentencing were capable of being interpreted as racist. http://www.jsonline.com/news/milwaukee/38004039.html. Aside from the very thin reasoning in the opinion, they really picked on the wrong [read post]
11 May 2008, 11:36 pm by The Defenders
Well, it's official....blacks are incarcerated at a higher rate than whites throughout the United States with Wisconsin landing the, ahem, coveted #1 spot. Two recent studies (one by Human Rights Watch and the other by the Washington based Sentencing Project) conclude:Blacks in Wisconsin are 42 times more likely than whites to receive prison terms for drug convictions. Wisconsin has the highest [read post]
25 Jun 2008, 10:35 am by The Defenders
Yesterday, a federal jury took just 6 hours to deliver guilty verdicts on 9 felony counts of bribery, extortion, attempted extortion and failing to file a financial form on a wire transfer of $15,000 against former Milwaukee alderman Michael McGee, Jr. [See McGee Guilty - JS Online] The entire uproar consisted of complaints by local Arab businessmen that McGee was shaking them down for money and [read post]
6 Sep 2012, 3:00 am by David Backes
In “Criminalizing Normal Adolescent Behavior in Communities of Color: The Role of Prosecutors in Juvenile Justice Reform,” Kristin N. Henning focuses on the disparity of treatment of youth when race is a factor. Youth have long held special status in the justice system. Teens tend to make questionable decisions which can lead to very negative outcomes, due to their difficulty weighing both short and long-term consequences. But, via the report: As youth mature, they age out of delinquent behavior… [read post]
16 Jun 2011, 7:31 am by Michael O'Hear
Iowa Law Professor David Baldus died earlier this week.  His statistitical study of racial disparities in the administration of the death penalty was at the center of the Supreme Court’s important 1987 decision in McKleskey v. Kemp.  Despite Baldus’s demonstration that the race of the victim seemed to play a critical role in determining which murderers were sentenced to death, the Court turned aside the defendant’s Equal Protection challenge to his death sentence.  The 5-4 decision was an… [read post]
23 Aug 2012, 2:53 pm by Moshe (Thomas A.) Sharon, R.N., M.P.H.
Abstract In this paper I seek to define culturally competent health care and explore the lack of it as a probable root cause of the currently existing racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Notwithstanding the possible influence of racism among some health care decision makers, it seems more likely from the evidence at hand that the lack of understanding different cultures and communication barriers plays a much greater role in the disparities of health care access and outcomes. Therefore,… [read post]
9 Jan 2011, 12:54 pm by Brittany Grome
Daniel Levin, Albany Government Law Review Member Introduction “[K]eeping records on innocent people is not the American way,” said New York State Assemblyman Richard Brodsky, as he urged Governor David Paterson to sign into law a bill prohibiting the use of an electronic database containing the identities of innocent stop and frisk individuals.[1] On July [...] [read post]
23 Aug 2012, 2:53 pm by Moshe (Thomas A.) Sharon, R.N., M.P.H.
Abstract In this paper I seek to define culturally competent health care and explore the lack of it as a probable root cause of the currently existing racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Notwithstanding the possible influence of racism among some health care decision makers, it seems more likely from the evidence at hand that the lack of understanding different cultures and communication barriers plays a much greater role in the disparities of health care access and outcomes. Therefore,… [read post]
10 Mar 2014, 3:00 am by Cecilia Bianco
The Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JJIE) is focusing its efforts to address racial disparities in the juvenile justice system by launching a racial-ethnic fairness section in its Resource Hub. The Juvenile Justice Resource Hub: Racial-Ethnic Fairness will provide links to the most recent research, cutting edge reforms, model policies, best practices, expert opinions, and toolkits to take action. JJIE believes that data collection and analysis on the unfair treatment of racial and ethnic… [read post]
23 Jun 2009, 1:17 pm by Brian Evans
The death penalty is a difficult issue for just about any politician.  Most prefer to avoid it as much as possible.  But the time may soon come when President Obama will have to take a stand on this question.  In a recent article on Politico.com, Josh Gerstein outlines the challenges that President Obama may face in the near future regarding the federal death penalty, as several cases inch a little closer to crossing his desk. Obama has previously stated that he supports the… [read post]
17 Mar 2011, 12:12 pm by Michael O'Hear
The Washington State Task Force on Race and the Criminal Justice System has recently issued its preliminary report.  Here is a summary of major findings: In Washington’s juvenile justice system, it has been found that similarly situated minority juveniles face harsher sentencing outcomes and disparate treatment by probation officers. Defendants of color were significantly less likely than similarly situated White defendants to receive sentences that fell below the standard [sentencing… [read post]
13 Dec 2011, 10:58 am by Michael O'Hear
In the previous post in this series, I highlighted a wide gap in the incarceration rates of Indiana and Minnesota, with Wisconsin in the middle.  The ordering of the three states from highest incarceration rate to lowest corresponds with the ordering from highest rate of violent crime to lowest.  However, for reasons I explained in the previous post, I don’t think  we ought to end our analysis with the simple assertion that high crime drives high incarceration.  For one thing, there is… [read post]
21 Jun 2011, 6:57 pm by Michael O'Hear
Legal scholars working in a wide range of areas have become increasingly aware of and interested in the results of implicit association tests.  Here is a basic description: Study participants, working on computers, press two pre-designated keyboard keys as quickly as possible after seeing certain words or images on the computer monitors. The words and images that participants see are grouped into meaningful categories. These categories require participants to “pair an attitude object (for… [read post]
2 Dec 2011, 4:40 am by Michael O'Hear
That is the question Cynthia Najdowski explores in an interesting new article, “Stereotype Threat in Criminal Interrogations: Why Innocent Black Suspects are at Risk for Confessing Falsely,” 17 Pscyh., Pub. Pol’y & L. 562 (2011).  A growing body of empirical research does indeed suggest that blacks are more likely to give a false confession than whites, but why? Najdowski’s paper does not present any new empirical research of her own, but she does offer a new hypothesis to explain the… [read post]
14 Dec 2010, 8:13 am by Michael O'Hear
Jon Gould and Richard Leo have an interesting new paper entitled “One Hundred Years Later: Wrongful Convictions After a Century of Research.”  They are responding to a recent claim by Samuel Gross and Barbara O’Brien that researchers “do not know much about false convictions.”  Gould and Leo essentially take the “glass is half-full” position – although our knowledge may be less precise than we might like, we have nonetheless come a long way since American researchers first began to… [read post]
2 Mar 2012, 9:24 am by Michael O'Hear
The Sentencing Project has a new report on prisoners sentenced to life without parole for crimes committed while they were under the age of 18.  Entitled “The Lives of Juvenile Lifers,” the report presents the results from a national survey of more than 1,500 JLWOP inmates.  The report is very timely in light of the Supreme Court’s two pending JLWOP cases — perhaps the new information will help to convince the justices that JLWOP does indeed constitute cruel and unusual punishment, even… [read post]
14 Feb 2012, 2:34 pm by Michael O'Hear
I have previously written about the racial threat hypothesis, which seems a potentially powerful way of explaining why attitudes toward crime and punishment vary so much from community to community and state to state. The basic idea is that a large minority population fuels demand by the majority for greater social control, including harsher punishment. There is some empirical support for the hypothesis, but it is unclear what exactly drives the link between minority population and the demand for… [read post]
13 Dec 2010, 10:10 am by Michael O'Hear
Felon disenfranchisement has been challenged across the country under a variety of legal theories, but with very little success.  Now, however, it appears that a challenge under the Voting Rights Act may actually proceed to trial in Milwaukee County Circuit Court. The challenge is being mounted in unusual circumstances.  The state has charged Michael Henderson and Olando Maclin with voting fraud based on allegations that they voted in the 2008 election despite being disqualified from doing so… [read post]